The Thinking Allowed series aired on as many as 120 public TV stations in the US and Canada for more than 18 years. Host Jeffrey Mishlove conducted several interviews with Arthur M. Young, inventor of the Bell helicopter, philosopher, cosmologist and author of The Reflexive Universe and The Geometry of Meaning.

01. Astrology and Science

The planets in astrology represent important distinctions concerning the different realms of reality that often become confused in science. Arthur M. Young states that insights about angular relationships were very important in the development of the helicopter and led him to develop a model in which the measure formulae of physics are expressed in a manner isomorphic to the signs of the zodiac.

Thinking Allowed: Astrology and Science part 1

Arthur M. Young elaborates on the difference between the planets Saturn, Uranus and Neptune, explaining how the planetary cycles of Saturn have had significance in his own life. He discusses the use of progressed charts in astrology from the perspective of systems theory in which whole cycles are embedded within each other. Astrology, he suggests, is a larger more comprehensive system than science. Scientists can benefit from studying it regardless of its application in individual horoscopes.

Thinking Allowed: Astrology and Science part 2

02. Determinism and Free Will

Free will and purpose are not inconsistent with a universe subject to law. In fact, says Arthur Young, free will would be ineffective without a determinate world to act upon. Young discusses the difference between determinism–the belief that everything acts according to law–and pre-destination or fate.

Thinking Allowed: Determinism and Free Will

03. Evolution: The Great Chain of Being

Arthur M. Young describes three different types of evolution: physical evolution of the form of the body, evolution of the “group soul” of a species, and personal evolution, i.e., the spiritual evolution of the individual.

Thinking Allowed: Evolution, The Great Chain of Being

04. Number and Meaning

Numbers are more than abstract representations of quantity, but also have a qualitative dimension. Arthur M. Young discusses the descent of spirit into matter — and the ascent back to spirit — through four levels which correspond to point, line, plane, solid; fire, water, air, earth– and other classic fourfold patterns.

Thinking Allowed: Number and Meaning

05. Self and Universe

How can there be separate things in a universe that is interconnected? How can we be separate beings in a universe created by God? Arthur M. Young suggests that the ancient deities act in our psyches as forces which unite the individual with the universe about us.

Thinking Allowed: Self and Universe

06. Value and Purpose in Science

Consciousness, rather than being a property which “emerges” at higher orders of complexity, is a basic principle intrinsic to every level of creation, according to this stimulating program with philosopher Arthur M. Young.

Thinking Allowed: Value and Purpose in Science

07. Is There a Paradigm Shift?

Arthur M. Young argues that although modern scientists often refer to a “paradigm shift” or new perspective as having emerged with the advent of quantum physics, most actual science proceeds under the same assumptions as always.

Thinking Allowed: Is There a Paradigm Shift?


All video material on this page is copyrighted by Thinking Allowed Productions.

  • Producer: Arthur Bloch
  • Principle camerawork: Mike Shedlin
  • Additional camerawork: Randy Elliott
  • Host: Jeffrey Mishlove